Territory: Hong Kong has an overall extension of 1104km2 it consists of a peninsula and several islands in the southern coast of china, 100 km southeast city of Guangzhou and east of the special administrative region of Macao.
History: The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to china referred to as “The Handover” internationally or “The Return” in China, took place on 1 July 1997. The Landmark event marked the end of British rule Hong Kong (The Hong Kong Reader, 1996).
Economy: Hong Kong is a part of China however it is not the usual Chinese city. This territory is a free and open economy that has a free market system. That makes it the most efficient means of tapping into the Mainland’s vast market. Hong Kong is one of the world’s most densely populated metropolises with 7.3 million people of various nationalities (Census and Statistics Department). As the Human Development reports says, It ranks among the best in the world on the Human Development Index (HDI) (0.91) (12th) and has a Gross domestic product (GDP) of 42,437 HKD per capita (18th).
Society: Hong Kong is a largely homogenous society, with about 94% of its people being Chinese (ethnically speaking, Han Chinese). As the Population Census analysis, (by way of self-identification) that there were about 451.000 Non-Chinese people in Hong Kong, or about 6% of the population. Not all members of the non-Chinese groups are permanently settled in Hong Kong.
Language: The basic law of Hong Kong stipulates that both Chinese (Cantonese) and English are the official languages in Hong Kong. Historically, English was the sole official language of Hong Kong from 1883 to 1974. Only after demonstrations and petitions from Hong Kong people demanding equal status for Chinese. In March 1987 the official languages ordinance was amended to require all new legislation to be enacted bilingually in both English and Chinese. Nowadays, the principal language of Hong Kong is standard Cantonese, spoken by 89.5% of the population at home daily. As an official language, it is used in education, broadcasting, government administration, legislation and judiciary and for daily communication as well. The role of the Cantonese as official standard of Chinese; in both Hong Kong and neighboring Macao makes it only other Chinese languages other than Mandarin to be used in an official discourse.